What do you mean it’s “the green” in French? – Some Gr. 9 French Student Somewhere
A lot of students struggle with the idea of pronouns, and so do teachers, teaching them. If you are looking for other
tenses, such as present tense, past tense, and future tense, click on the links provided.
Having to constantly remind students of pronouns every class…
But the way pronouns work in French is quite simple, as teachers know!
In French, every noun must have a pronoun!
Every noun has a gender in French (masculine or feminine)
Also, every noun can be singular or plural
Le chien (masculine singular) – the dog
La chaise (feminine singular) – the chair
Les chiens (masculine plural) – the dogs
Les chaises (feminine plural) – the chairs
Because every noun is masculine or feminine; singular or plural, there are multiple different correct pronouns.
How can you tell if a verb is masculine, or feminine?
Follow this simple rule to be right about 80% of the time (good rule of thumb for students):
If it ends in an E, it is feminine, otherwise it is masculine
Le chat – masculine (it ends in t, not e) – the cat
Le stylo – masculine (it ends in an o, not an e) – the pen
La tablette – feminine (it ends in an e) – the tablet
La chaussure – feminine (ends in an e) – the shoe
Obviously, this isn’t always the case, but it gives students an easy general rule to follow, and then they can learn the exceptions as they go.
How can you tell if a noun is singular or plural?
Follow this simple rule:
If it ends in x or s, it is plural
Note: You can also tell if the word is masculine or feminine still, even if it is plural. Just look at the letter before the x or s! (If it is an E, that word is feminine, if not, it is masculine)
Les chiens – masculine, plural – the dogs
Les châteaux – masculine, plural – the castles
Les filles – feminine, plural – the girls
Les nuages – feminine, plural – the clouds
What are the 4 most common pronouns?
They are the following:
The, my, of, and at
Here is how to say these 4 in French:
|Masculine Singular||Le||Mon||De (Du – de le)||Au|
|Feminine Singular||La||Ma||De la||À la|
|Plural (For both masculine and feminine)||Les||Mes||Des||Aux|
Note: The pronouns take the gender of the word they are describing, NOT the person describing them. This leads to strange things like a boy having a head that is feminine, in French.
For a boy, it is ma tête, for his head, even though the boy is masculine, the word tête is feminine, and pronouns take the gender of the word they are describing.
Le chat – the cat
La giraffe – the giraffe
Les arbres – the trees
Ma chambre – my room
Mon auto – my car
Mes frères – my brothers
Du printemps – of spring
De la personne – of the person
Des enfants – of the kids
Au parc – at the park
À la patinoire – at the skating rink
Aux jeux – At the games
Note: In French, we don’t say we’re going to places, like in English. Instead, we say we’re going “at” places.
Need more practice? Here are some worksheets you can try out as extra practice.
Interested in getting all the French grammar modules? Look here.