Futur Simple – Irregular Verbs

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How Do I Conjugate Irregular Verbs in Futur Simple?

In the distant future, I won’t worry about French anymore! – Some student in grade 7, somewhere

So many verb tenses and so little time…

Today we’re going to talk about how to conjugate irregular verbs in Futur Simple in French. If you’re looking for the present tense, or the future proche, passé composé, futur simple for regular verbs or the exceptions to passé composé (Vandertramp), follow the links provided.

The future tense refers to what will happen in the future. For futur simple, the timing refers to a general time in the future. It is an absolute necessity to understand how to conjugate this tense, as we use it all the time.

In order to learn how to conjugate these verbs, we have to first learn a little about subjects:

Here are the common subjects in French (for more information, click here):

Je (I)

Tu (You)

Il (He)

Elle (She)

On (We)

Nous (We)

Vous (You/You all)

Ils (They)

Elles (They)

Note: The subject is the thing that does the action in the sentence.

Finally, here are the steps to conjugating these irregular verbs in passé composé:

  1. Take the infinitive of the verb, and change it depending on the verb it is
  2. Add endings depending on the subject

Simple as that.

Step 1 – Take the infinitive of the verb and change it depending on the verb it is

List of exceptions in Futur Simple:

Venir – Viendr

Devenir – Deviendr

Revenir – Reviendr

Avoir – Aur

Aller – Ir

Être – Ser

Faire – Fer

Savoir – Saur

Devoir – Devr

Pouvoir – Pourr

Step 2 – Add endings depending on the subject

Je -ai

Tu -as

Il -a

Elle -a

On -a

Nous -ons

Vous -ez

Ils -ont

Elles -ont

Examples of verbs conjugated in futur simple:

  1. Conjugate être for the subject “elles” in futur simple:

Elles seront

  1. Conjugate aller for the subject “nous” in futur simple:

Nous irons

  1. Conjugate revenir for the subject “on” in futur simple:

On reviendra

There you have it, how Futur Simple works for irregular verbs in French!

Extra help!

Need more practice? Here are some worksheets you can try out as extra practice.

Interested in getting all the French grammar modules? Look here.

Futur Proche

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How Do I Conjugate Verbs in Futur Proche?

In the future, French won’t be so hard, right? – Some student in grade 7, somewhere

So many verb tenses and so little time…

Today we’re going to talk about how to conjugate verbs in Futur Proche in French. If you’re looking for the present tense, or the past tense, follow the links provided.

The future tense refers to what will happen in the future. Especially when the time is very near in the future. It is an absolute necessity to understand how to conjugate this tense, as we use it all the time.

Good news!

All verbs follow the same pattern in Futur Proche. Once you’ve learned this, the future tense will be very easily accessible to you.

In order to learn how to conjugate these verbs, we have to first learn a little about subjects:

Here are the common subjects in French (for more information, click here):

Je (I)

Tu (You)

Il (He)

Elle (She)

On (We)

Nous (We)

Vous (You/You all)

Ils (They)

Elles (They)

Note: The subject is the thing that does the action in the sentence.

In order to conjugate verbs in futur proche, we must first conjugate aller, in present tense, one of the 8 most common verbs in French. (For a lesson on that, click here).

Finally, here are the steps to conjugating these verbs in futur proche:

  1. Conjugate aller in present tense
  2. Put the infinitive of the verb you’re conjugating after

Simple as that.

Step 1 – Conjugate Aller in Present Tense

Je vais

Tu vas

Il va

Elle va

On va

Nous allons

Vous allez

Ils vont

Elles vont

Step 2 – Put the Infinitive of the Verb After

What is the infinitive? It is the verb not changed at all!

Marcher, danser, choisir, are all examples of verb infinitives.

Examples of verbs conjugated in futur proche:

  1. Conjugate marcher in futur proche for the subject “ils”

Ils vont marcher

  1. Conjugate choisir in futur simple for the subject “nous”

Nous allons choisir

  1. Conjugate attendre for the subject “on” in futur proche

On va attendre

There you have it, how passé composé works for irregular Vandertramp verbs in French!

Extra help!

Need more practice? Here are some worksheets you can try out as extra practice.

Interested in getting all the French grammar modules? Look here.

Passé Composé – Vandertramp

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How Do I Conjugate the Irregular Vandertramp Verbs in Passé Composé?

Where could I have gone that French wouldn’t be so hard? – Some student in grade 8, somewhere

So many verb tenses and so little time…

Today we’re going to talk about how to conjugate irregular verbs in passé composé in French. If you’re looking for the present tense, or the future tense, follow the links provided.

The past tense refers to what happened in the past. Especially when the time is very specific in the past. It is an absolute necessity to understand how to conjugate this tense, as we use it all the time.

Why are the verbs on this list irregular?

They are irregular because they do not follow the pattern of the usual ER/IR/RE verbs in passé composé, unfortunately (though if you do want a lesson on the regular verbs in passé composé, click here).

In order to learn how to conjugate these verbs, we have to first learn a little about subjects:

Here are the common subjects in French (for more information, click here):

Je (I)

Tu (You)

Il (He)

Elle (She)

On (We)

Nous (We)

Vous (You/You all)

Ils (They)

Elles (They)

Note: The subject is the thing that does the action in the sentence.

In order to conjugate the irregular vandertramp verbs in passé composé, we must first conjugate être, in present tense, one of the 8 most common verbs in French. (For a lesson on that, click here).

Finally, here are the steps to conjugating these irregular verbs in passé composé:

  1. Conjugate être in present tense
  2. Change the verbs on the list into their past tense form 
  3. Agree the verb with the subject

Simple as that.

Step 1 – Conjugate Être in Present Tense

Je suis

Tu es

Il est

Elle est

On est

Nous sommes

Vous êtes

Ils sont

Elles sont

Step 2 – The Vandertramp List

It is called Vandertramp because of the mnemonic used to remember all of the irregular verbs that are conjugated with être instead of avoir in present tense. Here it is (including all of the past tense form of the verbs):

D – Devenir (Devenu)

R – Revenir (Revenu)

M – Monter (Monté)

R – Rentrer (Rentré)

S – Sortir (Sorti)

V – Venir (Venu)

A – Aller (Allé)

N – Naître (Né)

D – Descendre (Descendu)

E – Entrer (Entré)

R – Retourner (Retourné)

T – Tomber (Tombé)

R – Rester (Resté)

A – Arriver (Arrivé)

M – Mourir (Mort)

P – Partir (Parti)

Step 3 – Agreement

When I say you need to agree the verb with the subject, I mean that there are extra endings added, depending on what the subject is. These are added after the past tense form of the verb.

Agreements for all the subjects:

Je – nothing or “e” (if the subject is feminine, add an extra e)

Tu – nothing or “e” (if the subject is feminine, add an extra e)

Il – nothing

Elle – add an extra “e”

On – nothing

Nous – “s”, or if the group is all women, add an “es”

Vous – nothing or “e” (if you are only referring to one person with “vous”, add an extra “e” if that person is a girl). “S” or “es” if plural (“es” if it is a group of all girls)

Ils – “s”

Elles – “es”

Examples of vandertramp verbs conjugated in passé composé:

  1. Conjugate naître for the subject “elles” in passé composé:

Elles sont parties

  1. Conjugate descendre for the subject nous in passé composé

Nous sommes descendu(e)s (“e” depends on if the group is all girls or not, if it is, “e” is added)

  1. Conjugate tomber for the subject “on” in passé composé

On est tombé

There you have it, how passé composé works for irregular Vandertramp verbs in French!

Extra help!

Need more practice? Here are some worksheets you can try out as extra practice.

Interested in getting all the French grammar modules? Look here.

How Do I Conjugate Regular Verbs in Passé Composé?

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What have I done to deserve a French class like this? – Some student in grade 7, somewhere

So many verb tenses and so little time…

Today we’re going to talk about how to conjugate regular verbs in passé composé in French. If you’re looking for the present tense, or the future tense, follow the links provided.

The past tense refers to what happened in the past. Especially when the time is very specific in the past. It is an absolute necessity to understand how to conjugate this tense, as we use it all the time.

But what is a regular verb?

Regular verbs are verbs that have been put into categories since they all follow the same pattern.

There are three categories of regular verbs: ER/IR/RE

Each of these categories refers to the endings of the verbs.

Examples:

Marcher is a regular ER verb in present tense

Choisir is a regular IR verb in present tense

Rendre is a regular RE verb in present tense

In order to learn how to conjugate these verbs, we have to learn a little about subjects:

Here are the common subjects in French (for more information, click here):

Je (I)

Tu (You)

Il (He)

Elle (She)

On (We)

Nous (We)

Vous (You/You all)

Ils (They)

Elles (They)

Note: The subject is the thing that does the action in the sentence.

In order to conjugate regular verbs in passé composé, we must first conjugate avoir, in present tense, one of the 8 most common verbs in French. (For a lesson on that, click here).

Finally, here are the steps to conjugating a regular verb in passé composé:

  1. Conjugate avoir in present tense
  2. Remove the ending (ER/IR/RE)
  3. Replace the ending with the correct ending, depending on whether the verb is ER/IR or RE

Simple as that.

For ER Verbs, the pattern is as follows:

SubjectAvoir in Present TenseEnding change
J’aié
Tuasé
Ilaé
Elleaé
Onaé
Nousavonsé
Vousavezé
Ilsonté
Ellesonté

Example: 

Conjugate “marcher” in passé composé for the subject “il”

Il a marché

For IR Verbs, the endings are as follows:

SubjectAvoir in Present TenseEnding change
J’aii
Tuasi
Ilai
Elleai
Onai
Nousavonsi
Vousavezi
Ilsonti
Ellesonti

Example:

Conjugate “choisir” in passé composé for the subject “elles”

Elles ont choisi

For RE Verbs, the endings are as follows:

SubjectAvoir in Present TenseEnding change
J’aiu
Tuasu
Ilau
Elleau
Onau
Nousavonsu
Vousavezu
Ilsontu
Ellesontu

Example:

Conjugate “rendre” in present tense for the subject “vous”

Vous avez rendu

There you have it, how passé composé works for regular verbs in French!

Extra help!

Need more practice? Here are some worksheets you can try out as extra practice.

Interested in getting all the French grammar modules? Look here.